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Calculate the surface area of a simple (non-self-intersecting) n sides polygonal shape with known Cartesian coordinates in the plane for all of its vertices. The main concept of the method is to divi...

Read MoreDetermine the coordinates of an unknown station P from three (3) previously coordinated reference points A, B and C visible from station P, only by measuring the angles subtended by lines of sight fro...

Read MoreCalculate the bearing angle of any line connecting consecutive points of a traverse framework. Calculate the bearing angle of any line connecting consecutive points of a traverse framework. Known...

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